Gastritis is a general term for a group of conditions with one thing in common: inflammation of the lining of the stomach. The inflammation of gastritis is most often the result of infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. Regular use of certain pain relievers and drinking too much alcohol also can contribute to gastritis.
Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis) or appear slowly over time (chronic gastritis). In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer. For most people, however, gastritis isn’t serious and improves quickly with treatment.
The signs and symptoms of gastritis include:
Gnawing or burning ache or pain (indigestion) in your upper abdomen that may become either worse or better with eating
- A feeling of fullness in your upper abdomen after eating
- Gastritis doesn’t always cause signs and symptoms.
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Weaknesses or injury to the mucus-lined barrier that protects your stomach wall allows your digestive juices to damage and inflame your stomach lining. A number of diseases and conditions can increase your risk of gastritis, including Crohn’s disease and sarcoidosis, a condition in which collections of inflammatory cells grow in the body.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
You may find some relief from signs and symptoms if you:
Eat smaller, more frequent meals. If you experience frequent indigestion, eat smaller meals more often to help ease the effects of stomach acid.
Avoid irritating foods. Avoid foods that irritate your stomach, especially those that are spicy, acidic, fried or fatty.
Avoid alcohol. Alcohol can irritate the mucous lining of your stomach. Foods to avoid and chemical irritants that cause or aggravate gastritis symptoms should be reduced or stopped altogether. For example:
- Stop cigarette smoking.
- Avoid drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.
- Avoid caffeinated, decaffeinated, and carbonated drinks; and fruit juices that contain citric acid, for example, grapefruit, orange, pineapple, etc.
- Avoid high-fat foods.
There is no gastritis diet, however, the growth of H. pylori may be stopped by a diet rich in fibre, and foods that contain flavonoids, for example:
- Certain teas
- Soy foods