Why do gums bleed? by – DR. Pramanik Namrata

The most common cause of bleeding gums is gingivitis i.e. inflammation of the gums. When plaque is allowed to collect on the teeth, the bacteria in them destroy the healthy gum tissue thus causing the gums to get inflamed and irritated which in turn leads to bleeding from gums. If left untreated, the plaque forms a harder layer known as tartar which can lead to further destruction of gums and lead to periodontitis and loss of bone around tooth, [...]

Tobacco and Oral Health

The risk of oral cancers is 5-10 times greater in smokers. Some of the chemicals present in tobacco smoke can cause genetic changes in the cells of the oral cavity (mouth)  thus increasing the risk of oral cancers. In oral cancer, there is an uncontrolled growth of the abnormal cells causing a tumour. These cancers generally occur on the tongue, lip, floor of the mouth. Symptoms of oral ulcers include red/white spots which later get ulcerated if tobacco use is not stopped. Treatment [...]

Vaping

Thus vaping is like smoking minus the adverse effects of smoking like bad smell/ bad breath,dirty ashtrays, cigarette burns . It can be defined as an act of inhaling water vapour through a personal vaporizer. It is an alternative to smoking; in this process the individual gets their nicotine hit by inhaling the odourless vapour which is generated when heat is applied to the liquid. Different materials that can be vaped are-e liquids,waxy concentrates,dry herbs mostly with nicotine.

Reverse Smoking

It is a technique of smoking a hand rolled cigarette with the lit end in the mouth. Though the reason is unknown, it is speculated that such kind of smoking gives a quicker nicotine rush. This practice is prevalent in many parts of India and the Philippines This type of smoking also causes many changes in the palate, pre cancerous lesions, tooth loss, oral cancers, mouth burns, heart and lung diseases.   DR. PRAMANIK NAMRATA

Psoriasis – Dr.Nisha Parekh

Psoriasis It is common chronic non-contagious (doesn’t spread from skin contact) skin disorder. It is skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that may be itchy. Psoriasis is related to inherited genes and the immune system. The exact cause remains unknown. Despite research over the past 30 years, the “master switch” that turns on psoriasis is still a mystery. Anyone [...]

What is a cervical laminectomy?

What is a cervical laminectomy? A cervical laminectomy is performed to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord in your neck. A cut will be made in the skin at the back of your neck. X-rays will be taken during surgery and used to confirm the correct levels of the spine. Small portions of bone and ligaments will be removed from the affected cervical spine to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord. The cut will be closed with stitches or staples. What [...]

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus – Dr. Sameer Sahay

SLE or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is the name given to a disease of the immune system that affects multiple organs and dramatically alters a person’s life and wellbeing. The name is derived from ‘Lupus’ which means ‘Wolf’ in Latin. Lupus was once a feared disease, as it affects young people, especially women and rapidly causes damage to organs such as skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, nerves, joints etc. For centuries it was not known why it occured, but now we [...]

What is Valvuloplasty?

What is valvuloplasty? Valvuloplasty is a cardiac cath lab procedure that treats a narrow or stiff heart valve. In valvuloplasty, your heart doctor threads a catheter (narrow tube) through a blood vessel into your heart. A small balloon at the end of the catheter inflates to stretch the valve so blood flows more easily through it. Why do I need it? Your hearts valves work like doors or gates to keep blood moving in one direction through the heart chambers. The valves [...]

Tobacco

It is a product prepared from the tobacco plant leaves, by curing them. Tobacco is available in smoking and smokeless variety. Smoking tobacco –e.g-cigarette,bidi,hookah,snuf,cheroot,etc Smokeless variety-e.g-gutkha,zarda,pan masala,khaini,etc Tobacco is also available as dentrifice (used to clean teeth). Due to strategic marketing by tobacco industry, there is an ever increasing number of people addicted to tobacco. Smoking is a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, lung diseases and cancers. Inhaling second hand smoke is equally dangerous and causes cancers in non smoking individuals. Tobacco smoke contains tar [...]

Dietary Cholesterol

For years you have been told that high cholesterol foods can cause heart disease. This is because some studies have linked with high levels of cholesterol with heart disease & early death. Cholesterol in the blood stream specifically the bad LDL cholesterol is important in determining health risk. The truth is that cholesterol is important structural molecule which is essential for each & every cell & also make steroid hormone such as testosterone, estrogens, cortisol & vit.D. Yolk contains choline, Bvitamin [...]