What is tartar? by Dr. Pramanik Namrata

Tartar is a hardened layer of plaque that forms on the teeth. Plaque is a biofilm of bacteria present on tooth surfaces. When not cleaned, this layer hardens due to precipitation of minerals from the saliva forming a layer known as calculus/tartar. If not removed, plaque can cause tooth decay and gum problems. Tartar is hard and cannot be removed by brushing. Visit a dentist is essential. If left unattended, this layer of tartar can cause the destruction of healthy gum tissues [...]

Why do gums bleed? by – DR. Pramanik Namrata

The most common cause of bleeding gums is gingivitis i.e. inflammation of the gums. When plaque is allowed to collect on the teeth, the bacteria in them destroy the healthy gum tissue thus causing the gums to get inflamed and irritated which in turn leads to bleeding from gums. If left untreated, the plaque forms a harder layer known as tartar which can lead to further destruction of gums and lead to periodontitis and loss of bone around tooth, [...]

What is leptospira? by – Dr.Anand Tiwari

 What is leptospira?                                 It is a bacterial disease, caused by bacteria leptospira, spread through the urine of infected animals Most commonly spread through rodents like rats, mice Most common in warm climates In developing country like India-most commonly affects farmers Transmitted by water /soil contaminated by urine of infected animals coming in contact with  breaks in skin, eyes, mouth, nose   What are the presenting symptoms? Incubation period i.e  the time from infection to symptom onset   is: 7-12 days some infected people may have no symptoms disease may [...]

Tobacco and Oral Health

The risk of oral cancers is 5-10 times greater in smokers. Some of the chemicals present in tobacco smoke can cause genetic changes in the cells of the oral cavity (mouth)  thus increasing the risk of oral cancers. In oral cancer, there is an uncontrolled growth of the abnormal cells causing a tumour. These cancers generally occur on the tongue, lip, floor of the mouth. Symptoms of oral ulcers include red/white spots which later get ulcerated if tobacco use is not stopped. Treatment [...]

Angiography Procedure

About cardiac catheterisation and cardiac angiography  Non-invasive tests can provide a lot of valuable information about the heart. However, sometimes it is not possible to make important decisions about a patient’s treatment unless a test called cardiac catheterisation is performed. Cardiac catheterisation, also known as coronary angiography gives vital information about the blood pressure inside your heart, and how well the pumping chambers and valves are working. Most importantly, it shows whether there are any narrowing in the coronary arteries and [...]

Angioplasty Procedure

WHAT IS ANGIOPLASTY?  Angioplasty is a type of Percutaneous Intervention but the two terms are often used to talk about the same procedure. Angioplasty is much like an angiogram procedure. It is also done in the catheterization lab or “cath lab”. It is a procedure used to widen the narrowing in the arteries of your heart without open surgery. In an angioplasty, a catheter with a small inflatable balloon attached is positioned within the narrowed section of the artery. When the [...]

Vaping

Thus vaping is like smoking minus the adverse effects of smoking like bad smell/ bad breath,dirty ashtrays, cigarette burns . It can be defined as an act of inhaling water vapour through a personal vaporizer. It is an alternative to smoking; in this process the individual gets their nicotine hit by inhaling the odourless vapour which is generated when heat is applied to the liquid. Different materials that can be vaped are-e liquids,waxy concentrates,dry herbs mostly with nicotine.

Reverse Smoking

It is a technique of smoking a hand rolled cigarette with the lit end in the mouth. Though the reason is unknown, it is speculated that such kind of smoking gives a quicker nicotine rush. This practice is prevalent in many parts of India and the Philippines This type of smoking also causes many changes in the palate, pre cancerous lesions, tooth loss, oral cancers, mouth burns, heart and lung diseases.   DR. PRAMANIK NAMRATA

Psoriasis – Dr.Nisha Parekh

Psoriasis It is common chronic non-contagious (doesn’t spread from skin contact) skin disorder. It is skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that may be itchy. Psoriasis is related to inherited genes and the immune system. The exact cause remains unknown. Despite research over the past 30 years, the “master switch” that turns on psoriasis is still a mystery. Anyone [...]

What is a cervical laminectomy?

What is a cervical laminectomy? A cervical laminectomy is performed to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord in your neck. A cut will be made in the skin at the back of your neck. X-rays will be taken during surgery and used to confirm the correct levels of the spine. Small portions of bone and ligaments will be removed from the affected cervical spine to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord. The cut will be closed with stitches or staples. What [...]